Oil and Gas

Oil and Gas | Reservoir Development

A Critical Guide to Reservoir Appraisal and Development

Course Code: N412
Instructors:  Stephanie KapePete Smith
Course Outline:  Download
Format and Duration
5 days
10 sessions

Next Event

Location: Virtual
Date:  7th - 18th Nov 2022
Start Time: 14:00 GMT
Event Code: N412a22V
Fee From: GBP £3,925 (exc. Tax)


Business Impact: Participants will be empowered to collaborate between disciplines and add value in the development of upstream assets.

This course is designed to address the decision-based technical workflow that is a prerequisite to appraisal and development investments. Participants will learn the background theory behind all aspects of reservoirs, from the micro- to seismic-scale, integrating the static and dynamic domains and how to model them. The course covers a range of disciplines, using an integrated subsurface approach with reference to a robust business and commercial framework.


"This course was a good refresher of fundamental reservoir concepts and successfully addressed all learning objectives. I found the economic and application to modelling topics most impactful."


Event Code: N412a22V
Sessions: 10 sessions
Instructors: Stephanie Kape, Pete Smith
Dates: 7th - 18th Nov 2022
Start Time: 14:00 GMT
Location: Virtual
Fee From
GBP £3,925 (exc. Tax)
Good Availability
Please login to book.

Duration and Training Method

This is a classroom or virtual classroom course comprising a mixture of lectures, discussion, case studies, and practical exercises.

Course Overview

 Participants will learn to:
  1. Assess the sources of the wide range of data which contribute to the understanding and development of hydrocarbon reservoirs, their use and associated uncertainty.
  2. Understand the different scales of data and how to bring it together into a decision-based workflow including; the pore-scale properties of a reservoir, depositional heterogeneities, fracturing and dual porosity systems, compartmentalisation, seismic-scale uncertainty and how they may influence development decisions.
  3. Evaluate how to combine uncertainties for projects at different stages of the E&P lifecycle and select key variables in a probabilistic evaluation to manage uncertainty by acquiring additional data (appraisal) or design of interventions (contingency) within a Value of Information framework.
  4. Discuss and analyse the controls and uncertainty of the hydrocarbon distribution in a reservoir (properties, contacts and saturations).
  5. Evaluate the use of both static and dynamic reservoir models as part of the decision making process.
  6. Assess the pitfalls and best practices in building and using simulation models for appraisal and development decision making and hence assess the implications of the construction, structure and limitations of reservoir simulators.
  7. Understand the importance of assessing fluid properties and fluid and rock PVT for reservoir description, material balance and flow assurance.
  8. Evaluate how reservoir energy (including aquifers), fluid responses, drive mechanisms and EOR processes are assessed and managed to maximise planned recovery.
  9. Understand the technical aspects of well testing and its use in both appraisal and development decisions as well as the potential to deepen understanding of the reservoir description.
  10. Develop an understanding of the resources and reserves booking philosophy as it appertains to reservoir appraisal and development.
  • Business Framework
  • Risk and Uncertainty
  • Decisions with Uncertainty
  • Alpha Exercise A


  • Data positioning
  • Petrophysics and wireline data

 Reservoirs at a micro-scale

  • Characteristics of pores
  • Clastic reservoirs
  • Carbonate & Chalk Reservoirs
  • Fine grained reservoirs
  • Fluids and contacts
  • Alpha Exercise B

Flow zones and heterogeneity

  • Flow Zones
  • Heterogeneous Reservoirs
  • Secondary recovery and geological heterogeneity
  • Alpha Exercise C

Heuristics, biases, risk and uncertainty

  • Range Estimation
  • Answers to Heuristic Quiz
  • Risk and uncertainty
  • Exercise: Dealing with data
  • Alpha Exercise D

Fluids and reservoir mechanisms

  • Fluids and PVT data
  • Multi-Phase Flow
  • Reservoir Mechanisms
  • Secondary and Tertiary Recovery
  • Secondary Recovery and Geological heterogeneity
  • Gas and Aquifers
  • Well Productivity

Static reservoir modelling

  • Framing the problem
  • Model construction
  • Scale and variance
  • Facies and property models
  • Modelling for comfort
  • Upscaling
  • Alpha Exercise E

Faults, naturally fractured reservoirs, and seals

  • Faults
  • Naturally fractured reservoirs
  • Reservoir Seals

Value of Information, well productivity and testing

  • Value of Information (Appraisal)
  • Value of Information (Intervention)
  • Well productivity
  • Well testing

 Probability estimation, dynamic modelling, and resources

  • Probability Estimation
  • Reservoir Dynamic Modelling
  • Reserves and Resources
  • Alpha Exercise F

The course is designed for experienced geoscientists, petrophysicists and reservoir engineers who have been involved in field appraisal and development. Team leaders and asset managers involved in the planning and execution of subsurface reservoir modelling projects will also benefit. Multi-disciplinary asset teams would benefit from attendance as a group.

Stephanie Kape

Dr. Stephanie Kape has over 25 years of experience in the Oil and Gas Industry and is currently an independent consultant geologist at Salar Geoscience Ltd.

After graduating, Stephanie spent 5 years working as a consultant structural geologist with Midland Valley in Glasgow, working on a range of exploration and development projects worldwide. In 2001, Stephanie joined Amerada Hess Ltd as a production geologist based in Aberdeen. She moved to Canadian Natural Resources in 2003 as a Development Geologist and worked the mature North Sea portfolio.

In 2005, Stephanie joined BG Group in Reading working the HPHT exploration, development and appraisal portfolio of the UK Central North Sea. In this role she developed a number of models for fluvial reservoirs, working on the issues and predicting reservoir deliverability. In 2008 Stephanie joined the Subsurface Assurance Team in BG, as part of an internal technical auditor, reviewing the company’s exploration, appraisal and development projects worldwide. A six month secondment to the Brazil Development team working on carbonates followed and a two year stint in the Global New Ventures team and as exploration team lead within the Europe E&P business at BG.

Throughout her career as a development geologist, Stephanie has worked with reservoir models and has acted as an internal focus for Reservoir modelling. She has maintained an interest in fluvial sedimentology and the integration of this with other disciplines to build effective predictive models, publishing and presenting at conferences.

Affiliations and Accreditation
PhD University of Birmingham - Geology
BSc University of Manchester - Geology
C.Geol - Chartered Geologist
Geological Society

Courses Taught
N530: Shore to Shelf Depositional Systems (Virtual Outcrops)
N534: Delta Plain to Base of Slope Reservoir Systems: Outcrop, Seismic, and Production Analogues in a Sequence Stratigraphic Context
N108: Exploration and Geological Model Development in Fluvial Reservoirs
N412: A Critical Guide to Reservoir Appraisal and Development
N415: Reservoir Characterisation for Appraisal and Development
N432: Clastic Reservoir Characterisation for Appraisal and Development (Southern Pyrenees, Spain)

Pete Smith

Pete trained as a reservoir engineer and researcher firstly at the UK government research Institute of Hydrology Oxford, before joining BP’s research team to lead the development of novel modelling methods; building the first stochastic models to describe multi-phase fluid-flow in reservoir rocks. Moving into BP operational activities was responsible for creating the processes for managing the uncertainty in value and reserves in new field developments that became the BP standard approach.

Assignments with BP included lead engineer on Dukhan, Arab C Reservoir, Qatar; the appraisal and financial sanction of the Harding, Andrew, Foinaven and Schiehalion fields in the UKCS and managing the operated production in the Gulf of Mexico. Pete was also the founding director of the BP Institute at Cambridge University concerned with fundamental research in fluid-flow and was responsible for building their environmental technology across the BP group as Technology Vice President.

Pete helped establish the new Engineering University in Trinidad & Tobago as Associate Provost (R&D) and Professor of Petroleum Engineering between 2004 and 2008. On return to the UK, Pete became Principal Advisor in Reservoir Engineering at RPS Energy leading company reserve audits. In 2010 Pete led the Upstream Risk Management advisory activity and in 2011 became Chief Reservoir Engineer. In 2018 Pete left RPS Energy to form his own company, ReganSmith Associates, that provides training courses and consultancy to the Oil and Gas Industry.

Affiliations and Accreditation
BSc Mathematics
MSc Differential Equations
PhD Earth Sciences
C Eng. FEI Chartered Petroleum Engineer

Courses Taught
N401: Applied Development Planning
N412: A Critical Guide to Reservoir Appraisal and Development
N447: The Identification and Prioritisation of Opportunities for Effective Resource Progression
N712: Petrophysical Inputs to Reservoir Modelling
N952: Resource Assessment and Assurance
N954: Practical Approaches to Increased Recovery
N963: Fluid Flow Mechanisms - Observations of Rocks at Outcrop and Implications to Reservoir Engineering (SW Ireland)
N995: Managing Uncertainty and Risk in Appraisal and Development
R001: Oil and Gas Essentials

CEU: 4.0 Continuing Education Units
PDH: 40 Professional Development Hours
Certificate: Certificate Issued Upon Completion
RPS is accredited by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET) and is authorized to issue the IACET CEU. We comply with the ANSI/IACET Standard, which is recognised internationally as a standard of excellence in instructional practices.
We issue a Certificate of Attendance which verifies the number of training hours attended. Our courses are generally accepted by most professional licensing boards/associations towards continuing education credits. Please check with your licensing board to determine if the courses and certificate of attendance meet their specific criteria.