Oil and Gas

Oil and Gas | Stratigraphy

High Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy: Reservoir Applications (Utah, USA)

Course Code: N011
Instructors:  Lee KrystinikAndy Pulham
Course Outline:  Download
Format and Duration:
5 days

Next Event

Location: Utah, USA
Date:  9 - 13 Sep. 2024
Start Time: 09:00 MDT
Event Code: N011a24F
Fee From: USD $12,350 (exc. Tax)


This course evaluates key sequence stratigraphic principles and their usage in reservoir applications, based on detailed sedimentological and stratigraphical examination of the deltaic marginal to shallow marine deposits of the Cretaceous Book Cliffs and Coal Cliffs, SE Utah, USA.  

Business Impact: Attendees will learn to recognise key marginal marine facies and key surfaces, their sequence stratigraphic significance, and reservoir implications.


The instructors did an outstanding job of simplifying the concepts of sequence stratigraphy and how they can be used in exploration.


Event Code: N011a24F
Duration: 5 days
Instructors: Lee Krystinik, Andy Pulham
Dates: 9 - 13 Sep. 2024
Start Time: 09:00 MDT
Location: Utah, USA
Fee From
USD $12,350 (exc. Tax)
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Duration and Training Method

This is a field course in Utah with outcrop instruction (80%) supported by classroom presentations and exercises (20%). Subsurface examples will be linked to outcrops to illustrate applications of observations. Attendees will work as teams on some exercises.

Course Overview

Participants will learn to:

  1. Assess the sedimentology, ichnology, and stratigraphic architecture in coastal plain and nearshore settings (wave-dominated deltas, fluvial-dominated deltas and shoreface systems) using core and outcrop.
  2. Evaluate and correlate key stratigraphic surfaces and parasequence stacking patterns in shoreline systems, and their use at reservoir scale.
  3. Evaluate the sedimentary cyclicity and sequence stratigraphic hierarchy at reservoir to sub-regional scales.
  4. Interpret the influences of subsidence, eustasy, and sediment supply in creating stratigraphic architecture in marginal marine settings.
  5. Predict reservoir continuity and lateral variability in coastal plain successions, based upon observations in linked marine facies.
  6. Predict facies changes in marginal marine settings during changes in relative sea-level and understand the significance of evolving paleogeography for reservoir presence and exploration opportunities.
  7. Integrate the stratigraphic stacking patterns observed in the outcrops and in the correlation exercises to predict reservoir presence and trapping configurations in undrilled areas removed from immediate datasets.

Outcrops, cores and subsurface examples will be used to demonstrate stratigraphic architecture, correlation using key surfaces and reservoir applications. Attendees will learn to recognise key marginal marine facies and surfaces, their sequence stratigraphic significance and reservoir implications.

Focus will be on the nature, recognition and correlation of key stratigraphic surfaces and their use at reservoir scale investigations. Reservoir description tools and techniques will be illustrated and explored throughout the course.

Day 0: Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah

  • Optional group dinner.

Day 1: Introduction to the field area

  • Introduction to the course, and sedimentology and stratigraphy of southeast Utah.
  • Outcrop traverse from 'mountains to coast', en route to Price, Utah.
  • A regional transect through the Kenilworth Member of the Blackhawk Formation.
    • Examine the architecture of a prograding shoreline complex and test stratigraphic principals and concepts for dip and strike prediction of lithofacies and reservoir elements.
    • Discuss the implications of the observations and how they might impact production and exploration strategies.

Day 2: Shoreline systems and parasequence patterns

  • A field exercise involving reservoir scale architecture of a wave-dominated shoreline complex.
    • Recognition of key facies in wave-dominated delta systems and understanding sequence stratigraphic building blocks; observation of cyclicity and vertical and lateral facies changes.
    • Participants will interpret outcrop sections and integrate these in a township-scale correlation exercise.


Day 3: Parasequence correlations

  • Classroom and field correlation exercise (continued from previous day) and lectures on stratigraphic tools and concepts.
  • Field work comprises sedimentology and stratigraphic architecture in coastal plain and nearshore settings including up and down-dip examination of previously observed parasequences and their stacking patterns.
  • Travel to Emery, Utah.

Day 4: Ferron Sandstone and fluvial-dominated deltas

  • Review of Coal Cliff stratigraphy followed by examination of this fluvially-influenced deltaic system.
  • Sedimentology and stratigraphic architecture in coastal plain and nearshore settings are observed and discussed in comparison with the wave-dominated beach-shoreface systems seen on days 1, 2, and 3.

Day 5: Ferron Sandstone reservoir stratigraphy

  • Examination of Ferron Sandstone cores and a well correlation exercise and discussion of the distribution and prediction of reservoir quality in marginal settings.
  • Correlations from the core and log data are tested and reconciled at outcrop.
  • Final evening presentations and group dinner.

Day 6

  • Group drives from Emery to Salt Lake City for departure.


Click on following links to view drone-acquired 3-D models of some of the outcrops:



Exploration and development geologists and geophysicists seeking training in deltaic and shallow marine stratigraphy or a refresher course. Reservoir engineers seeking more information about stratigraphic controls on reservoir behaviour and techniques in reservoir zonation. Asset Managers responsible for exploitation of marginal marine clastic reservoirs.

Lee Krystinik

Dr. Lee F. Krystinik has specialized in using sedimentology and stratigraphy to find oil and gas in clastic reservoirs since he received his Ph.D. in geology from Princeton University. Krystinik has held positions as Manager of Regional Studies at Reservoirs Inc., Manager of Geology at Union Pacific Resources, and Global Chief Geologist for ConocoPhillips. He Co-founded and successfully sold Fossil Creek Resources, a private-equity-funded startup. Today, he is a founding Partner in Equus Alliance, LLC and Equus Energy Partners, LLC, exploration investment partnerships that aggressively apply technology to mitigate risk in the search for opportunities, predominantly conventional oil targets supported by 3D seismic. Lee's primary areas of interest include syn-tectonic sedimentation and other controls driving basin-fill architecture, integrated play assessment, cost-effective implementation of new concepts and technology, and paleoclimatology. 

Dr. Krystinik has been an AAPG Distinguished Lecturer in North America and Latin America and he is a past President of both SEPM and AAPG

Affiliations and Accreditation
PhD Princeton University - Geology
Past President of AAPG and SEPM

Courses Taught
N011: High Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy: Reservoir Applications (Utah, USA)
N027: Reservoir Sedimentology & Stratigraphy of Continental Clastic Systems (Wyoming, USA)
N042: Reservoir Sedimentology & Stratigraphy of Coastal and Shelfal Successions: Deltas, Shorelines and Origins of Isolated Sandstones (NW Colorado, USA)
N244: Clastic Reservoir Prediction Using Advanced Sequence Stratigraphic Interpretation (Wyoming, USA)
N407: Predicting Reservoir and Petroleum Systems in Rifts and Extensional Basins (New Mexico & Colorado, USA)
N451: Practical Oil-Finders Guide to Siliciclastic Sequence Stratigraphy (Wyoming)
N463: Geological Drivers for Tight-Oil and Unconventional Plays in the Powder River Basin and Applications to Other Basins (Wyoming, USA)


Andy Pulham

Dr. Andy Pulham has more than 35 years of industrial and academic experience. Since early 2005 Andy has been constructing his own consulting and training company and alliances. He has consulted in South America, USA, Europe and Africa.

After graduating, Andy spent 12 years with BP Exploration as a Petroleum Sedimentologist and for BP worked in NW Europe, North America and South America. Highlights in Andy’s industrial career have been regional studies in the Jurassic of the North Sea and the Cenozoic of the deepwater Gulf of Mexico and the appraisal of the Cusiana Field in Colombia. From 1995-2001 Andy was Principal Investigator for Reservoir Geology at the Energy and Minerals Applied Research Center in the Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Colorado. While in Colorado, Andy conducted research into the production characteristics of marginal marine siliciclastic oil and gas reservoirs and alluvial architecture in the Big Horn Basin of Wyoming. Subsurface projects were drawn from the Americas, Europe and Papua New Guinea. In 2001 Andy gained an appointment as the Canada Research Chair in Petroleum Geosciences in the Department of Earth Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland and taught undergraduate and graduate petroleum geology and sedimentology and advised graduate students in subsurface reservoir, seismic stratigraphy and outcrop sedimentology projects. Andy left academia in 2003 and joined Nautilus USA as VP of Geoscience and acted as the senior technical liaison and technical manager for the Geoscience Training Alliance in North America.

Andy’s primary interests are clastic sedimentology and stratigraphy. Andy’s portfolio of geoscience training classes now number eleven schools and include deepwater clastics, marginal marine and deltas, play fairway analysis and exploration prospecting and petroleum systems.

Affiliations and Accreditation
PhD University College of Wales, Swansea - Geology
BSc University of Liverpool, England - Physical Geography and Geology
AAPG - Member
SEPM - Member
IAS - Member
RMAG - Member

Courses Taught
N087: Play Fairway Analysis & Exploration Prospecting
N009: Sedimentology, Stratigraphy & Reservoir Geology of Deepwater Clastic Systems (County Clare, Ireland)
N011: High Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy: Reservoir Applications (Utah, USA)
N042: Reservoir Sedimentology & Stratigraphy of Coastal and Shelfal Successions: Deltas, Shorelines and Origins of Isolated Sandstones (NW Colorado, USA)
N115: High Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy: Application to Deltaic Systems and Reservoirs  (County Clare Ireland)
N570: Deepwater Clastic Systems - Processes, Products, Architectural Elements and Strategies for E&P

CEU: 4 Continuing Education Units
PDH: 40 Professional Development Hours
Certificate: Certificate Issued Upon Completion
RPS is accredited by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET) and is authorized to issue the IACET CEU. We comply with the ANSI/IACET Standard, which is recognised internationally as a standard of excellence in instructional practices.
We issue a Certificate of Attendance which verifies the number of training hours attended. Our courses are generally accepted by most professional licensing boards/associations towards continuing education credits. Please check with your licensing board to determine if the courses and certificate of attendance meet their specific criteria.